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Gum Disease and Gingivitis

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Gum Disease and Gingivitis

What is Gum Disease?
Periodontal disease is also known as Gum Disease and is defined as: Peri- meaning around- dontal meaning tooth Disease is any damage or injury that impairs an organism's function
What Causes Gum Disease and Gingivitis? 
The tissues and supporting bone around a tooth may be attacked by specific bacteria, this can cause the teeth tobecome loose and cause tooth loss, the bacteria cause a gum infection.
The specific bacteria that cause Gum Disease, Gingivitis, and Periodontal Disease are Anaerobicbacteria.  This means that they can only survive in an environment without oxygen. 3.
How to PreventThis is why flossing and brushing your teeth daily is important, so you can remove the debris, disrupt the biofilm forming, and allow oxygen to reach the pockets between your gums and teeth. 3.

Warning Signs of Gum DiseaseGums that bleed when you brush your teethRed, swollen and tending gumsGums that have pulled away from your teeth causing pocketingBa…

What is Causing my Cavities?

What is Causing my Cavities?Specific bacteria such as Streptococcus mutans cause cavities. 

These bacteria are aerobic meaning they require oxygen to survive; having a ​dry mouth increases the chance for cavities. 

Cavity causing bacteria are different than the bacteria that cause gum disease, which lives in an anaerobic environment.  Both of these bacteria can be passed from person to person.

Plaque is also known as Biofilm. 

A microbial biofilm is a layer of prokaryotic organisms which adhere to a surface and are coated with a polysaccharide layer. 

​The biofilm increases the prokaryotic cells survival through increased defense, availability of nutrients, cellular communication, and the ability to transfer genetic material to each other.

A polysaccharide is composed of more than one sugar molecule.  Carbohydrates, Starch, Cellulose, and Glycogen are polysaccharides. How the cavity is formed​
Underneath the plaque, the bacteria produce acids as a by-product of their metabolism.

The acids prod…